Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the pre-eminent political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of satyagraha—resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a philosophy firmly founded upon ahimsa or total nonviolence—which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is commonly known around the world as Mahatma Gandhi (or “Great Soul”), an honorific first applied to him by Rabindranath Tagore, and in India also as Bapu (or “Father”). He is officially honoured in India as the Father of the Nation; his birthday, 2 October, is commemorated there as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.
The Spirit of M.K. Gandhi is vividly reflected in the humantarian work of Arun Gandhi and Tushar Gandhi and the Gandhi Worldwide Education Institute